Location refers to the actual point on the earth’s surface that somewhere is found. It is one of the key concepts of geography. Location can be given as co-ordinates using latitude and longitude, this is known as the absolute location of a place. We can also give the relative location of a place.

Relative location is a description of a place’s location referring to what is around it. For example we could describe the location of Spain as follows:

Spain in a country in the Northern Hemisphere to the north of the Tropic of Cancer. It is found in Western Europe. Spain shares a border to the north-east with France, and it has a border in the west with Portugal. Spain has a coastline in the Bay of Biscay to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east. 

Your homework task:

In class you solved two ‘Who am I?’ puzzles where you located countries from a description.  Create 3 more ‘Who am I?’puzzles.

Stuck? Here’s an example

I am a large island country in the Southern Hemisphere. The Tropic of Capricorn runs though me. To my west is the Indian Ocean and to the east lies the Tazman Sea which separates me from New Zealand.

Got the answer?